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Highland University park

In 1837, after a savage Indian battle, the remnants of a Texas Ranger scouting expedition camped in a lovely spot along “the creek with all the turtles.” These survivors were the first recorded Anglo-Americans in the
area that is now known as Highland Park. Years later, this creek would become known as Turtle Creek, offering breathtaking park vistas for area residents.

A year later, an old Caddo Indian trace was surveyed by the Republic of Texas to become part of a National Central Road to run from Austin to the Red River. This route was also used as a segment of the old Shawnee Trail for cattle drives to Missouri. Today that trail is known as Preston Road. It is easy to imagine the founder of Dallas, John Neely Bryan, walking through the one-day-to-be Highland Park as he traveled Preston Trail on his way to the founding of Dallas.
University Park is a city in Dallas County, Texas, United States of America, an inner northern suburb of Dallas. The population was 23,068 at the 2010 census.[3] The city is home to Southern Methodist University.

University Park is bordered on the north, east and west by Dallas and on the south by the town of Highland Park. University Park and Highland Park together comprise the Park Cities, an enclave of Dallas. University Park is one of the most affluent places in Texas based on per capita income; it is ranked #12. In 2018, data from the American Community Surveyrevealed that University Park was the 2nd wealthiest city in the United States – with a median household income of $198,438 and a poverty rate of 4.2%.[4] Addresses in University Park may use either “Dallas, Texas” or “University Park, Texas” as the city designation, although the United States Postal Service prefers
the use of the “Dallas, Texas” designation for the sake of simplicity.[5] The same is true for mail sent to Highland Park.

University Park began as a cluster of homes surrounding the fledgling Southern Methodist University, which was founded in the then-rural Dallas County in 1915. The university supplied these homes with utility service until 1924, when the growing population could no longer be supported by the school’s utilities. In  response, the area’s homeowners first sought annexation into the town of Highland Park, but were refused due to the high cost that would have been required to provide the necessary utility and safety services. Shortly thereafter, Dallas also refused a request for annexation on similar grounds. Originally University Park was a middle[6] Highland Park residents spearheaded the creation of the Highland Park Independent School District and asked the neighbors to the north to become a part of the district; taxes were lower since the district included University Park’s population.[7] HPISD had no racial diversity in the 1950s and 1960s, when other Dallas-area school districts dealt with racial integration and white flight. The federal court orders to integrate had no effect in HPISD since it did not receive federal money.[8] As a  result, values of HPISD-zoned properties in University Park rose dramatically and the demographic makeup became wealthier, with smaller houses being replaced by larger ones circa the 1970s.[9]

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